Hanauma Bay Mural -> Click on the marine life to learn more

Hanauma Bay Mural -> Click on the marine life to learn more
Manini Humuhumunukunukuapua'a Uhu - Parrotfish Kihikihi - Moorish Idol Lauʻīpala - Yellow Tang Island of O'ahu


School of Manini swimming over the reef at Hanauma

Manini - Convict Tang - Acanthurus triostegus

Found in large schools. Feeds on algal reef flats. Named convict tang for the six vertical bars going down the body. The Hawaiian species has a small black bar under the pectoral fin.

‘Ōlelo No‘eau: Ka i‘a a ke kualau i lawe mai ai.

The fish brought in by the rain at sea. The spawn of the manini fish that came to the islands by the millions during the summer months. They were said to come after a shower at sea, in the early morning.

Manini video


Humuhumunukunukuapua'a - Reef Triggerfish

Humuhumunukunukuapuaʻa - Reef Triggerfish - Rhinecanthus rectangulus

The Hawaiian name describes its snout-like nose; like that of a pig. Puaʻa means pig in Hawaiian. They use this snout to feed on urchins in the reef. Nesting triggerfish are known to defend their nests from swimmers who venture too close to them. In the mural, this triggerfish in particular is pointing to Hanauma Bay on the island of Oʻahu. Can you spot the outline of Oʻahu in the mural’s reef?

Uhu - Parrotfish

Uhu - Parrotfish

Uhu - Parrotfish

Uhu feed on the reef using their beak to scrape coral and algae. Female uhu are reddish and males are more brightly colored blues. 

‘Ōlelo No‘eau: Ka pali nānā uhu ka‘i o Makapu‘u.

The uhu – observing cliff of Makapu‘u. The sea surrounding Makapu‘u Point, O‘ahu, is the favorite haunt of the uhu.

Kihikihi - Moorish Idol

Kihikihi - Moorish Idol

Kihikihi - Moorish Idol - Zanclus cornutus

Kihikihi feed on sponges and encrusting invertebrates along the reef and can be found singly, in pairs or in groups. They have a triangular body with black yellow and white bands, and a long white dorsal fin.

Lauʻīpala - Yellow Tang

Yellow tang lau'ipala

Lauʻīpala - Yellow Tang - Zebrasoma flavescens

With the exception of their white tail spine, these fish are entirely yellow. Their Hawaiian names make reference to this, meaning “Yellowed Leaf”. As juveniles these fish are territorial, but mellow out as they mature.

Island of O'ahu

Hanauma Bay is located on the island of O'ahu.